Pool Fence Barrier Codes - California
HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE
115920. This act shall be known and may be cited as the Swimming Pool Safety Act.
115921. As used in this article the following terms have the following meanings:
(a) "Swimming pool" or "pool" means any structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing that contains water over 18 inches deep. "Swimming pool" includes in-ground and above-ground structures and includes, but is not limited to, hot tubs, spas, portable spas, and nonportable wading pools.
(b) "Enclosure" means a fence, wall, or other barrier that isolates a swimming pool from access to the home.
(c) "Approved safety pool cover" means a manually or power-operated safety pool cover that meets all of the performance standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), in compliance with standard F1346-91.
115922. Commencing January 1, 1998, except as provided in Section 115925, whenever a construction permit is issued for construction of a new swimming pool at a private, single-family home it shall be equipped with at least one of the following safety features:
(a) The pool shall be isolated from access to a home by an enclosure that meets the requirements of Section 115923.
(b) The pool shall be equipped with an approved safety pool cover.
(c) All doors providing direct access from the home to the swimming pool shall be equipped with a self-closing, self-latching device with a release mechanism placed no lower than 54 inches above the floor.
115923. An enclosure shall have all of the following characteristics:
(a) Any access gates through the enclosure open away from the swimming pool, and are self-closing with a self-latching device placed no lower than 60 inches above the ground.
(b) A minimum height of 60 inches.
(c) A maximum vertical clearance from the ground to the bottom of the enclosure of two inches.
(d) Gaps or voids, if any, do not allow passage of a sphere equal to or greater than four inches in diameter.
(e) An outside surface free of protrusions, cavities, or other physical characteristics that would serve as handholds or footholds that could enable a child below the age of five years to climb over.
115924. Any person entering into an agreement to build a swimming pool shall give the consumer notice of the requirements of this article.